Once you know how to use binoculars properly, you can experience the full excitement of viewing. Understanding a few simple procedures will ensure your enjoyment. Binoculars are available in two types, according to how they focus: CF (Central Focusing) and IF (Individual Focusing) binoculars.
Nomenclature of CF binoculars
How to use CF (Central Focusing) binoculars
(1) Adjusting eyecup (turn-and-slide)
For non-eyeglass wearers, eyecups should be set to the fully extended position.
For eyeglass wearers, eyecups should be set to the fully retracted position.
Using the appropriate eyecup position, looking through binoculars from where the exit pupil is formed (eye point), you can obtain the entire field of view without vignetting.
Setting turn-and-slide eyecup
Setting rubber eyecup
(2) Adjusting the distance between the eyepieces to your eyes (Adjusting interpupillary distance)
Interpupillary distance varies among individuals. So adjust the distance of the eyepiece lenses according to your own interpupillary distance.
Hold the binoculars with both hands.
While looking at a distant object, carefully move the binocular tubes downward or upward until left and right fields are correctly aligned, forming a perfect circle.
If the interpupillary distance has not been properly adjusted, the image might be uncomfortable to view.
(3) Adjusting for differences between the sight of each eye (Diopter adjustment)
To look through binoculars with both eyes, you need to perform diopter adjustment. Supposing you have a different visual acuity between left and right eyes, if you look though binoculars without doing this, you will not see sharp, crisp images because one eye will see objects in focus while the other does not. And worse still, you will suffer eye fatigue.
Usually, adjust the diopter of your left eye first, then your right eye.
Focus with your left eye by focusing ring.
Then, focus with your right eye with diopter adjustment ring on the right eyepiece.
- *If the diopter adjustment is located on the left eyepiece, follow the procedure above in reverse order.
- *If you use zoom binoculars, set them at the maximum magnification first. Then focus with the diopter adjustment ring.
(4) Focus with focusing ring
Focus on an object by rotating the focusing ring. If the diopter has been adjusted, turn the focusing ring to focus whenever you change the object viewed.