• D780: front
  • D780: back
  • Full frame
  • 24.5 megapixels
  • ISO 100-51200
  • EXPEED 6
  • 51-point AF
  • 7 fps
  • Shutter speeds
    1/8000 to 900 s
  • 273-point Hybrid AF
  • Eye-detection AF
  • Optical viewfinder
  • Full-frame 4K UHD/30p
  • HDR (HLG) support
  • Silent mode
  • Tilting touch-screen monitor


  • Sharp acquisition thanks to advanced 51-point AF system with new AF algorithm adapted from the flagship D5, and comfortable, real-time tracking via optical viewfinder
  • First Nikon D-SLR to incorporate focal-plane phase-detection AF: Reliable 273-point*1 hybrid AF system for live view and movie recording
  • Eye-detection AF for more engaging, candid portraits in still photo live view
  • Nikon FX-format backside illumination CMOS image sensor featuring 24.5 effective megapixels and ISO 100-51200
  • Shutter speeds from 1/8000 to 900*2 s for capturing everything from split-second moments to gradual movements over extended periods of time
  • Interval-timer photography with the ability to generate time-lapse movies in-camera
  • Long battery life allowing up to approx. 2,260 still shots*3 per charge
  • NIKKOR F lenses offering abundant creative options with superior optical quality
  • 4K UHD/30p with HDR (HLG) and N-Log options during 10-bit external recording via HDMI for richer, more beautiful colors, and Full HD/120p for impressive slow-motion
  • *1In live-view still photography in FX format with all points selected in single-point AF.
  • *2Selectable in M mode, when "Extended shutter speeds (M)" is turned on.
  • *3Based on CIPA Standards.



Type of camera

Single-lens reflex digital camera

Lens mount

Nikon F mount (with AF coupling and AF contacts)

Effective angle of view

Nikon FX format

Effective pixels

Effective pixels

24.5 million

Image sensor


35.9 x 23.9 mm CMOS sensor

Total pixels

25.28 million

Dust-reduction system

Image sensor cleaning, Image Dust Off reference data (Capture NX-D software required)


Image size (pixels)

  • FX (36x24) image area:
    - 6048 x 4024 (L: 24.3 million)
    - 4528 x 3016 (M: 13.7 million)
    - 3024 x 2016 (S: 6.1 million)

  • DX (24x16) image area:
    - 3936 x 2624 (L: 10.3 million)
    - 2944 x 1968 (M: 5.8 million)
    - 1968 x 1312 (S: 2.6 million)

  • 1 : 1 (24x24) image area:
    - 4016 x 4016 (L: 16.1 million)
    - 3008 x 3008 (M: 9.0 million)
    - 2000 x 2000 (S: 4.0 million)

  • 16 : 9 (36x20) image area:
    - 6048 x 3400 (L: 20.6 million)
    - 4528 x 2544 (M: 11.5 million)
    - 3024 x 1696 (S: 5.1 million)

  • Photographs taken while filming movies at a frame size of 3840 x 2160: 3840 x 2160

  • Photographs taken while filming movies at other frame sizes: 1920 x 1080

File format

  • NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit (lossless compressed or compressed)

  • JPEG: JPEG-Baseline compliant with fine (approx. 1:4), normal (approx. 1:8) or basic (approx. 1:16) compression; size-priority and optimal-quality compression available

  • NEF (RAW)+JPEG: Single photograph recorded in both NEF (RAW) and JPEG formats

Picture Control system

Auto, Standard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome, Portrait, Landscape, Flat, Creative Picture Controls (Dream, Morning, Pop, Sunday, Somber, Dramatic, Silence, Bleached, Melancholic, Pure, Denim, Toy, Sepia, Blue, Red, Pink, Charcoal, Graphite, Binary, Carbon); selected Picture Control can be modified; storage for custom Picture Controls


SD (Secure Digital) and UHS-II compliant SDHC and SDXC memory cards

Double card slots

The card in Slot 2 can be used for overflow or backup storage or for separate storage of NEF (RAW) and JPEG images; pictures can be copied between cards.

File system

DCF 2.0, Exif 2.31



Eye-level pentaprism single-lens reflex viewfinder

Frame coverage

  • FX: Approx. 100% horizontal and 100% vertical

  • DX: Approx. 97% horizontal and 97% vertical

  • 1:1: Approx. 97% horizontal and 100% vertical

  • 16:9: Approx. 100% horizontal and 97% vertical


Approx. 0.7x (50 mm f/1.4 lens at infinity, -1.0 m-1)


21 mm (-1.0 m-1; from center surface of viewfinder eyepiece lens)

Diopter adjustment

-3 to +1 m-1

Focusing screen

Type B BriteView Clear Matte Mark VIII screen (with AF-area brackets; framing grid can be displayed)

Reflex mirror

Quick return

Depth-of-field preview

Pressing Pv button stops lens aperture down to value selected by user (A and M modes) or by camera (P and S modes)

Lens aperture

Instant return, electronically controlled


Compatible lenses

  • AF NIKKOR lenses, including type G, E and D lenses (some restrictions apply to PC lenses)

  • Other AF NIKKOR lenses (excluding IX NIKKOR lenses and lenses for the F3AF)

  • AI-P NIKKOR lenses

  • DX lenses (using [DX 24x16] image area)

  • Non-CPU AI lenses (exposure modes A and M only)

Note: During viewfinder photography, the electronic rangefinder can be used with lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster. With lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/8 or faster, the electronic rangefinder supports 11 focus points


Shutter type

Electronically controlled vertical-travel focal-plane mechanical shutter; electronic front-curtain shutter; electronic shutter

Shutter speed

1/8000 to 30 s in steps of 1/3 or 1/2 EV, extendable to 900 s in mode M; Bulb; Time; X200

Flash sync speed

X=1/200 s; synchronizes with shutter at 1/200 s or slower: Auto FP high-speed sync supported


Release modes

S (single frame), CL (continuous low speed), CH (continuous high speed), Q (quiet shutter-release), QC (quiet continuous shutter-release), self-timer, MUP (mirror up)

Approximate frame advance rate

  • CL: 1 to 6 fps (viewfinder photography); 1 to 3 fps (live view photography)

  • CH: 7 fps; when shooting NEF/RAW pictures during silent photography, either 8 fps (bit depth 14 bits) or 12 fps (bit depth 12 bits)

  • QC: 3 fps


2 s, 5 s, 10 s, 20 s; 1 to 9 exposures at intervals of 0.5, 1, 2 or 3 s


Metering system

  • Viewfinder photography: TTL exposure metering using RGB sensor with approx. 180K (180,000) pixels

  • Live view: TTL exposure metering performed by image sensor

Metering mode

  • Matrix: 3D color matrix metering III (type G, E and D lenses); color matrix metering III (other CPU lenses); color matrix metering available with non-CPU lenses if user provides lens data

  • Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to 12 mm circle in center of frame; diameter of circle can be changed to 8, 15 or 20 mm, or weighting can be based on average of entire frame (non-CPU and AF-S Fisheye NIKKOR 8-15 mm f/3.5-4.5E ED lenses use 12-mm circle)

  • Spot: Meters circle approx. 4 mm in diameter (about 1.5% of frame) centered on selected focus point (on center focus point when non-CPU or AF-S Fisheye NIKKOR 8-15 mm f/3.5-4.5E ED lens is used)

  • Highlight-weighted: Available with type G, E and D lenses

(ISO 100, f/1.4 lens, 20°C/68°F)

  • Matrix or center-weighted metering: -3 to 20 EV

  • Spot metering: 2 to 20 EV

  • Highlight-weighted metering: 0 to 20 EV

Exposure meter coupling

Combined CPU and AI


Auto; programmed auto with flexible program (P); shutter-priority auto (S); aperture-priority auto (A); manual (M)

  • EFCT Special effect modes: night vision; super vivid; pop; photo illustration; toy camera effect; miniature effect; selective color; silhouette; high key; low key

  • U1 and U2: user settings

Exposure compensation

Available in P, S, A, M and EFCT modes, -5 to +5 EV; -3 to +3 EV when filming movies; in increments of 1/3 or 1/2 EV

Exposure lock

Luminosity locked at detected value

ISO sensitivity
(Recommended Exposure Index)

ISO 100 to 51200 in steps of 1/3 or 1/2 EV; can also be set to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7 or 1 EV (ISO 50 equivalent) below ISO 100 or to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1 or 2 EV (ISO 204800 equivalent) above ISO 51200; auto ISO sensitivity control available

Active D-Lighting

Can be selected from auto, extra high, high, normal, low or off



  • Viewfinder photography: TTL phase detection performed using Advanced Multi-CAM 3500 II autofocus sensor module with support for 51 focus points (including 15 cross-type sensors; f/8 supported by 11 sensors); autofocus fine-tuning supported

  • Live view: Hybrid phase-detection/contrast-detect AF performed by image sensor; autofocus fine-tuning supported

Detection range
(ISO 100; 20°C/68°F)

  • Viewfinder photography: -3 to +19 EV

  • Live view: -5 to +19 EV; -7 to +19 EV with low-light AF; still photography using single-servo AF (AF-S) and apertures of f/1.4 at dark end of range and f/5.6 at bright end of range

Lens servo

  • Autofocus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); continuous-servo AF (AF-C); AF mode auto-switch (AF-A, still photography only); full-time AF (AF-F, movie recording only); predictive focus tracking activated automatically according to subject status

  • Manual focus (M): Electronic rangefinder can be used

Focus points

  • Viewfinder photography: 51 points with [All points] selected for Custom Setting a6 [Focus points used], 11 points with [Every other point] selected

  • Live view: 273 points with [All points] selected for Custom Setting a6 [Focus points used], 77 points with [Every other point] selected; still photography, [FX (36x24)] image area, single-point AF

AF-area modes

  • Viewfinder photography: Single-point AF, 9-, 21-, or 51-point dynamic-area AF, 3D-tracking, group-area AF, auto-area AF

  • Live view: Pinpoint AF (still photography only, single-servo AF/AF-S), single-point AF, dynamicarea AF (still photography only, continuous-servo AF/AF-C), wide-area AF (S), wide-area AF (L), auto-area AF

Focus lock

Focus can be locked by pressing shutter-release button halfway (single-servo AF/ AF-S) or by pressing (AE-L/AF-L) button


Flash control

  • Viewfinder photography: TTL flash control performed by RGB sensor with approx. 180K (180,000) pixels

  • Live view photography: TTL flash control performed by image sensor

  • i-TTL balanced fill-flash for D-SLR available with matrix, center-weighted, and highlight-weighted metering; standard i-TTL fill-flash for D-SLR available with spot metering

Flash modes

Front-curtain sync, red-eye reduction, slow sync, red-eye reduction with slow sync, rear-curtain sync, off

Flash compensation

Available in P, S, A, and M modes, -3 to +1 EV in increments of 1/3 or 1/2 EV

Flash-ready indicator

Lights when optional flash unit is fully charged; blinks after flash is fired at full output

Accessory shoe

ISO 518 hot-shoe with sync and data contacts and safety lock

Nikon Creative Lighting System (CLS)

i-TTL flash control, radio-controlled Advanced Wireless Lighting, optical Advanced Wireless Lighting, modeling illumination, FV lock, Color Information Communication, auto FP high-speed sync, AF-assist for multi-area AF (viewfinder photography), unified flash control

Sync terminal

AS-15 Sync Terminal Adapter (available separately)

White balance

White balance

Auto (3 types), natural light auto, direct sunlight, cloudy, shade, incandescent, fluorescent (7 types), flash, choose color temperature (2500 K to 10000 K), preset manual (up to 6 values can be stored, spot white balance measurement available during live view photography), all except choose color temperature with fine-tuning



Exposure and/or flash, white balance, and ADL

Live View


Photo live view, movie live view


Metering system

TTL metering using camera image sensor

Metering mode

Matrix, center-weighted, or highlight-weighted

Frame size (pixels)
and frame rate

  • 3840 x 2160 (4K UHD); 30p (progressive), 25p, 24p

  • 1920 x 1080; 120p, 100p, 60p, 50p, 30p, 25p, 24p

  • 1920 x 1080 (slow-motion); 30p x4, 25p x4, 24p x5

  • Note:Actual frame rates for 120p, 100p, 60p, 50p, 30p, 25p and 24p are 119.88, 100, 59.94, 50, 29.97, 25 and 23.976 fps respectively; quality selection available at all sizes except 3840 x 2160, 1920 x 1080 120p/100p, and 1920 x 1080 slow-motion, when quality is fixed at ★ (high)

File format


Video compression

H.264/MPEG-4 Advanced Video Coding

Audio recording format

Linear PCM, AAC

Audio recording device

Built-in stereo or external microphone with attenuator option; sensitivity adjustable

Movie ISO sensitivity (Recommended Exposure Index)

Manual selection (ISO 100 to 51200 in steps of 1/3 or 1/2 EV) with additional options available equivalent to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1, or 2 EV (ISO 204800 equivalent) above ISO 51200; auto ISO sensitivity control (ISO 100 to Hi 2) available with selectable upper limit

Active D-Lighting

Can be selected from extra high, high, normal, low or off

Other options

Time-lapse movie recording, electronic vibration reduction, time codes, logarithmic (N-Log) and HDR (HLG) movie output



8-cm/3.2-in., approx. 2359k-dot (XGA) tilting TFT touch-sensitive LCD with 170° viewing angle, approx. 100% frame coverage, 11-level manual brightness adjustment, and color balance control



Full-frame and thumbnail (4, 9 or 72 images or calendar) playback with playback zoom, playback zoom cropping, movie playback, photo and/or movie slide shows, histogram display, highlights, photo information, location data display, picture rating, auto image rotation and index marking


USB (SuperSpeed USB); connection to built-in USB port is recommended

Type-C USB connector

HDMI output

Type C HDMI connector

Audio input

Stereo mini-pin jack (3.5-mm diameter; plug-in power supported)

Audio output

Stereo mini-pin jack (3.5-mm diameter)

Accessory terminal

Built-in (can be used with accessories such as the MC-DC2 remote cord)



  • Standards: IEEE 802.11b/g/n (Africa, Asia, Oceania); IEEE 802.11b/g/n/a/ac (Europe, U.S.A., Canada, and Mexico); IEEE 802.11b/g/n/a (other countries in the Americas)

  • Operating frequency: 2412 to 2462 MHz (channel 11) (Africa, Asia, Oceania); 2412 to 2462 MHz (channel 11) and 5180 to 5825 MHz (U.S.A., Canada, and Mexico); 2412 to 2462 MHz (channel 11) and 5180 to 5805 MHz (other countries in the Americas); 2412 to 2462 MHz (channel 11) and 5745 to 5805 MHz (Georgia); 2412 to 2462 MHz (channel 11) and 5180 to 5320 MHz (other European countries)

  • Maximum output power (EIRP): 2.4 GHz band: 2.9 dBm; 5 GHz band: 5.7 dBm (Georgia); 5 GHz band: 8.7 dBm (other countries)

  • Authentication: Open system, WPA2-PSK


  • Communication protocols: Bluetooth Specification Version 4.2

  • Operating frequency: 2402 to 2480 MHz (Bluetooth), 2402 to 2480 MHz (Bluetooth Low Energy)

  • Maximum output power (EIRP): -2.6 dBm (Bluetooth), -4.1 dBm (Bluetooth Low Energy)

Range (line of sight)

Approx. 10 m/32 ft without interference; range may vary with signal strength and presence or absence of obstacles

Power source


One EN-EL15b Rechargeable Li-ion Battery; EN-EL 15a/EN-EL15 batteries can also be used; note, however, that fewer pictures may sometimes be taken on a single charge with the EN-EL15 than with an EN-EL15b/EN-EL15a; EH-7P Charging AC adapter can be used to charge EN-EL15b batteries only

AC adapter

EH-5d/5c/EH-5b AC Adapter; requires EP-5B Power Connector (available separately)

Tripod socket

Tripod socket

1/4 in. (ISO 1222)


(W x H x D)

Approx. 143.5 x 115.5 x 76 mm/5.7 x 4.6 x 3 in.


Approx. 840 g/1 lb. 13.7 oz. with battery and SD memory card but without body cap; approx. 755 g/1 lb. 10.7 oz. (camera body only)

Operating environment

Operating environment

Temperature: 0 °C to 40 °C (32 °F to 104 °F)
Humidity: 85% or less (no condensation)

Supplied accessories (may differ by country or area)

Supplied accessories
(may differ by country or area)

EN-EL15b Rechargeable Li-ion Battery, MH-25a Battery Charger, DK-5 Eyepiece Cap, UC-E24 USB Cable, AN-DC21 Strap, BF-1B Body Cap, DK-31 Rubber Eyecup

  • The SD, SDHC and SDXC logos are trademarks of SD-3C, LLC.
  • HDMI, the HDMI logo and High-Definition Multimedia Interface are trademarks or registered trademarks of HDMI Licensing LLC.
  • Wi-Fi® and the Wi-Fi logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the Wi-Fi Alliance®.
  • The Bluetooth® word mark and logos are registered trademarks owned by Bluetooth SIG, Inc. and any use of such marks by Nikon Corporation is under license.
  • Other products and brand names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
  • Images in viewfinders, on LCDs and monitors shown in this material are simulated.
  • Specifications are subjects to change without notice.