The exit pupil is the bright circle that can be seen in the center of each eyepiece when you hold the binoculars about 30cm away from your eyes with the objective lenses pointed toward a bright light. The larger the diameter is, the brighter the viewfield is, which is an important consideration when using binoculars in dark situations and for astronomical observation.
Exit pupil = The effective diameter of the objective lens ÷ Magnification
With 8x42 binoculars, the formula is 42 ÷ 8 = 5.3.
Therefore, the diameter of the exit pupil is 5.3mm.
This figure indicates the brightness of the image in view.
What is the relationship between bright/low-light conditions and the exit pupil of binoculars?
The pupil diameter of human eye changes depending on the ambient light conditions.
In low-light conditions (comparing 8x20 and 7x50 binoculars)
In bright conditions (comparing 8x20 and 7x50 binoculars)
Why do both large-exit-pupil binoculars and small-exit-pupil binoculars provide the same bright images in bright conditions?
The human pupil normally opens about 2mm in daylight, and 7mm in the dark.
If you use binoculars with an exit pupil of over 2mm in daylight, you won't perceive dark images. Brightness will not vary whether you use binoculars with a 7mm or 2mm exit pupil.
On the other hand, if you use binoculars with a small exit pupil in the dark, the image will not appear as bright as when seen with the naked eyes.